Patient education is a primary tool. Knowledge is power and we believe that the greater the understanding our patient has of his/her condition, it’s cause, and the recommended treatment, the more likely he/she is to appreciate the plan of care, comply with the plan, and comply with the prescribed home exercise program. Outcomes are much improved when the patient understands: 1) What is the underlying problem; and 2) how we plan to solve that problem?
Manual therapy is a very effective modality for treating many orthopedic, soft tissue, spine, and extremity conditions. Manual therapy is a physical treatment primarily used by physical therapists to treat musculoskeletal dysfunction by improving movement and reducing pain; it most commonly includes manipulation of soft tissues, joint mobilization and joint manipulation.
Therapeutic exercise is the scientific use of bodily movement to restore normal function in diseased or injured tissues or to maintain a state of well-being; called also corrective exercise. As with any type of therapy, a therapeutic exercise program is designed to correct specific disabilities of the individual patient. The program is evaluated periodically and modified as indicated by the patient’s progress and response to the prescribed regimen. Exercises affect the body locally and systemically and bring about changes in the nervous, circulatory, and endocrine systems as well as the musculoskeletal system.
GAIT AND BALANCE TRAINING
Gait and balance training is a type of physical therapy that helps people improve their ability to stand and walk and to move with agility on the field or court. One goal of gait and balance training is to prevent falls. Gait and balance training may be recommended after an illness or injury, to help a patient regain independence in walking, even if an adaptive device is needed. Gait training helps strengthen muscles and joints, improves balance, improves posture, develops muscle memory, builds endurance, and retrains the legs for repetitive motion.
Physical agents are different applications of the following items to reduce swelling, pain, and assist the healing process.
- Electrical Stimulation
- Heat and Cold Therapies